Editor’s Note

The changing nature of warfare, rising conflicts and the never-ending great-power competition has given rise to complex geometries in global geopolitical positioning. The world's future is filled with eternal uncertainty. The advances in technology such as quantum computing. artificial intelligence and digital surveillance have transformed the military worldwide. As a driving force, technology has embedded itself in the power showbiz and has initiated an unprecedented competition between global powers including the emerging middle power. Acquiring innovative power, capacity to invent and adapting fast to new technologies is now a key determinant for all involved in the ongoing power game in the emerging new world order.

Raksha Anirveda’s latest web feature attempts to evaluate and understand the impact of technology in reshaping India's power aspiration through its Indian Armed Forces’ modernisation programme. The featured articles have been diligently curated. These articles analyse Indian Armed Forces’ adoption of innovation and technology. procurement of critical technology to become Aatmanirbhar, adaptability to disruptive and emerging technologies, and its digitisation efforts to emerge as a strong future-ready force. Raksha Anirveda invites esteemed readers - the driving force behind its evolving benchmark to indulge, explore and evaluate the feature presentation. Happy Reading!

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Raisina Dialogue Sees Former Heads of State Sharing Perspectives

Foreign Affairs

New Delhi. Raisina Dialogue 2020 was a forum which saw seven former heads of state or government sharing their perspectives on challenges facing the world ranging from US-Iran tensions, Afghan peace initiatives and climate change.

The Dialogue considered as India’s flagship global conference on geopolitics saw the inaugural session on January 14, attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Danish Prime Minister and ex-NATO Secretary General Anders Rasmussen said he would like to see a global alliance of democracies to stand up to oppressive rulers and regimes and India could play an important role in such a coalition.

“India can play an important role in this… I am an admirer of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and India’s participation in this alliance is important,” Rasmussen said.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who was scheduled to deliver the inaugural address at the Raisina Dialogue but had to call off his four-day visit due to devastating bushfires in several parts of his country, sent a video message for the dialogue.

In his message, Morrison said India is and will remain the “strategic lynchpin” in the Indo-Pacific.

“The term Indo-Pacific reflects the recognition that India’s power and purpose will be vitally important to the region and to resolving and supporting shared security challenges. India has taken on an increasingly active role in the Indian Ocean,” he said.

Speaking at the event, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar said Indian foreign policy seeks to achieve a broad engagement with many parties and “managing if not leveraging global contradictions, advancing our interests in a multi polar world and contributing to global good”.

During the inaugural session, New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark, former Afghan President Hamid Karzai, former Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, former Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt, Rasmussen, former Bhutanese premier Tshering Tobgay and former South Korean Prime Minister Han Seung-soo, discussed global challenges.

During the inaugural session, the spiralling US-Iran tensions following the killing of Iranian general Qasem Soleimani in an American drone strike, were also discussed.

Without a change in the government of Iran, peace in the West Asia is not possible, former Canadian PM Harper said.

“Climate change cannot be tackled through targets. We need zero emission technology and development,” Harper said.

Former Afghan president Karzai said Americans must realise they can’t force others to follow their line.

“They couldn’t do it with Afghans, how can they do it with Iran?” he said, adding that wisdom must prevail and that wisdom must come from US.

Discussing the challenge of climate change, former New Zealand premier Clark said achieving zero carbon is important to combat climate change, but it is important to get national consensus on achieving this target.

Tobgay said he was a believer in multilateralism, but the UN Security Council has failed on climate change.

“Till now the UNSC has adopted only one resolution on climate. This has to change. Climate remains the biggest concern,” he said.

Talking about prospects of peace in Afghanistan, Karzai hoped for intra-Afghan dialogue between the government and the Taliban.

“We’re optimistic about peace, we are Afghans,” he asserted.

Harper said one of the great challenges that liberal democracies are facing is coping with political protests in their own countries which have arisen primarily as a combination of new technology, the uneven distribution of organisation and rise of nationalism.

Talking about India, Harper hailed Prime Minister Modi’s leadership, saying India will be a country that is self-defined.

“India is not going to be a bastion of Western liberals. Under the current Government identity is coming back in a big way,” he said.

Rasmussen said NATO is stronger than ever before, much more stronger since the end of the Cold War.

“NATO’s cover must expand, for instance in West Asia. What NATO could do is train forces in the West Asia… lead the anti-ISIS coalition,” he said.

Iran foreign minister Javed Zarif’s participation assumes significance as it comes following the killing of Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Soleimani.