Editor’s Note

The changing nature of warfare, rising conflicts and the never-ending great-power competition has given rise to complex geometries in global geopolitical positioning. The world's future is filled with eternal uncertainty. The advances in technology such as quantum computing. artificial intelligence and digital surveillance have transformed the military worldwide. As a driving force, technology has embedded itself in the power showbiz and has initiated an unprecedented competition between global powers including the emerging middle power. Acquiring innovative power, capacity to invent and adapting fast to new technologies is now a key determinant for all involved in the ongoing power game in the emerging new world order.

Raksha Anirveda’s latest web feature attempts to evaluate and understand the impact of technology in reshaping India's power aspiration through its Indian Armed Forces’ modernisation programme. The featured articles have been diligently curated. These articles analyse Indian Armed Forces’ adoption of innovation and technology. procurement of critical technology to become Aatmanirbhar, adaptability to disruptive and emerging technologies, and its digitisation efforts to emerge as a strong future-ready force. Raksha Anirveda invites esteemed readers - the driving force behind its evolving benchmark to indulge, explore and evaluate the feature presentation. Happy Reading!

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Boost to India’s Defence Capabilities: Naval Warship Intercepts Short-range Ballistic Missile


New Delhi: In a major boost to India’s defence capabilities, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Indian Navy conducted their maiden flight trial of a sea-based endo-atmospheric interceptor missile on April 22.

“The successful trial was conducted off the coast of Odisha in the Bay of Bengal… The purpose of the trial was to engage and neutralize a hostile ballistic missile threat thereby elevating India into the elite club of nations having naval ballistic missile defence (BMD) capability,” stated a defence ministry release.

DRDO had earlier demonstrated land-based BMD systems successfully with the capability to neutralize ballistic missile threats emerging from adversaries. These tests have demonstrated the ability to detect, track, engage and shoot down ballistic missiles of the Prithvi-class.

The interceptor missile, which is classified as an anti-ballistic missile (ABM), is designed to counter other short and intermediate range ballistic missiles from short and intermediate ranges and also intercontinental ballistic missiles launched from a different country. Called the Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) system, this is an anti-ballistic missile system that has been developed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere (exo-atmospheric). Based on the Prithvi missile, PAD is a two-stage missile with a maximum interception altitude of 80 km (50 mi).

The US Navy too has demonstrated a sophisticated BMD capability with its Aegis-class destroyers, which form the backbone of its warship fleet. These warships deploy the Aegis Combat System, which is an integrated naval weapons system that is produced by Lockheed Martin. Initially used by the United States Navy (USN), Aegis systems are now used also by the Japanese, Spanish, Norwegian, Korean and Australian navies. The Royal Canadian Navy also plans to use the Aegis system. As of 2022, a total of 110 Aegis-equipped ships have been deployed, and 71 more are planned. Aegis BMD capabilities are being developed as part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) missile defence system.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated the DRDO, Indian Navy and industries involved in successful demonstration of ship based BMD capabilities. Secretary DDR&D and Chairman DRDO Dr Samir V Kamat complimented the teams involved in the design and development of the missile. He said that nation has achieved self-reliance in developing highly-complex network-centric anti-ballistic missile systems.